Screen printing is the method of employing a mesh screen, ink, and a squeegee to transfer a stenciled image onto a flat surface. The most popular screen-printed surfaces are fabric and paper, but specialized inks may also be used to print on wood, metal, plastic, and even glass. The most simple approach is making a stencil on a fine mesh screen and then forcing ink (or paint, in the case of artwork and posters) through it to imprint your pattern on the surface underneath.
Pad printing is a technique for transferring a two-dimensional image to a three-dimensional object. An etched plate (also known as a cliché) and a pad are used to transfer the image in the offset printing process. Depending on the amount of colors and picture size, pad printing machines come in a variety of styles. Pad printing is utilized in a multitude of industries, the most common of which are industrial, promotional, and garment printing.
The method of printing digital-based images directly onto a variety of media substrates is known as digital printing. Unlike offset printing, there is no requirement for a printing plate. Printing on paper, picture paper, canvas, fabric, synthetics, cardstock, and other substrates is possible with digital files such as PDFs or desktop publishing files supplied straight to the digital printing machine. Because digital printing equipment do not require printing plates, it differs from classic analog printing processes such as offset printing. Digital printing presses print directly onto the media substrate rather than requiring metal plates to transfer an image.
Die cutting is a manufacturing technique that involves cutting, shaping, and shearing stock material into specific forms and patterns using specialized machinery and machine tools. Die cutting is a flexible and customized method that may be used on a variety of materials, including metal, plastic, wood, and composites. Die cutting neoprene, gasketing, die cutting paper, packing, die cutting fabric, and making die cut foam are just a few of the areas where it’s used in production.
Precision cutting without the use of dies is possible with digital cutting thanks to a computer-programmed path. This approach provides all of the benefits of traditional die-cutting, but with the addition of lasers to enable a precision cut, as well as creases and scores as needed.
This method can cut a wide variety of materials. Digital cutting can also be used for smaller-scale projects, but it really shines when it comes to large-format printing and jobs like stand-out signs and other graphic installations.
Laser cutting is a method of cutting various materials with a laser for both industrial and artistic purposes, such as etching.
Laser cutting uses a high-powered laser that is guided by optics and CNC to direct the beam or material. A motion control system is typically used to follow a CNC or G-code of the design to be cut onto the material.
Laser marking is a long-term method that employs a focused beam of light to leave a permanent mark on a surface. Laser marking covers a wide range of applications and is often done with a fiber, pulsed, continuous wave, green, or UV laser equipment.
Laser marking on a variety of materials may be automated and processed at high rates while leaving permanent traceable markings.
Laser engraving is a method of etching permanent, deep markings by vaporizing materials into fumes. The laser beam works as a chisel, incising markings on the material’s surface by eliminating layers. To achieve the high heat necessary for vaporization, the laser targets targeted locations with huge amounts of energy. Typically, laser engraving is used to engrave metal workpieces that will be subjected to various forms of wear or surface treatments. Steel and aluminum are used in metal engraving (including anodized and die-casting aluminum).
Laminating is the process of utilizing a bonding chemical to adhere two or more flexible packing webs together. Films, papers, and metal foils can all be used to create webs. To make a duplex, or two-layer, laminate, an adhesive is applied to the less absorbent substrate web, then the second web is squeezed against it. Lamination is used in a broad range of industries, including food packaging and the production of specialized laminates for the solar energy and insulating panel industries.
Hot Foil Stamping
Hot foil stamping is the application of metallic foil or holograms to materials such as light papers, carton boards, laminated boards, plastics, and corrugated boards using heat and pressure.
Simple flat foil stamping, deep embossing or embossing mixed with foil stamping, hologram and holographic foil application, and foil stamping combined with micro & structural embossing are all examples of hot foil stamping.
Metal stamping is a cold-forming technique that involves the use of dies and stamping machines to shape sheet metal. Blanks, or pieces of flat sheet metal, are fed into a sheet metal stamping press, which utilizes a tool and die surface to mold the metal into a new shape. Stamping services are provided by production facilities and metal fabricators who position the material to be stamped between die parts and apply pressure to shape and shear the material into the appropriate final shape for the product or component.